Tag Archives: hawaiian

Featured on Indigenous Tweets

Kevin Scannell have corresponded for many years in regards to issues that face indigenous and endangered languages and the use of technology in their revitalization. I was honored that he asked me to do this interview and talk about the work that I’ve done at Ka Haka ‘Ula O Ke‘elikōlani over the years in regards to Hawaiian language and its use in technology. His website, Indigenous Tweets, keeps track of the use of various indigenous languages around the world.

Type ‘Okina and Kahakō in Android

I purchased a Droid X phone in July 2010 with the specific desire to see the Android operating system support Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages as iOS (iPhone/iPod/iPad) does. While Android may someday have native support for ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i like iOS, there is an interim solution to typing the ‘okina and kahakō on Android.

Online Hawaiian Dictionary For Android Users

Last year we launched a mobile interface for the Hawaiian dictionaries on Ulukau. The system should detect all mobile devices automatically, and for those that it doesn’t, you can simply go to m.wehewehe.org to see the mobile interface.

The one limitation of this system is for Android users: Android’s default font does not have a glyph in the correct location, so Android users see a box instead of the ‘okina. We’ve looked into fixing this, but found that it would be costly to do the recoding necessary to make this work under Ulukau as it currently stands. I have been in contact with people who are trying to address the lack of the ‘okina in Android’s font. For the time being, Android users can use this page to search the dictionaries. The PHP script that drives it parses the returned text and replaces the ‘okina with a single open quote. Visually they are exactly the same, but reside in different locations in the Unicode font specification. iPhone users can use either this new page or the stock mobile interface at m.wehewehe.org.

A big mahalo to UHH webmaster Sunny Walker for putting together this script!

Hawaiian Language Support in Windows 7

This document shows which fonts on Win 7 have the ‘okina and kahakō characters used in Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages. You’ll find that only the following Windows 7 fonts have the ‘okina and all vowel-kahakō characters (at least in the standard install on our Dell):

Arial, Arial Unicode MS, Calibri, Cambria, Cambria Math, Consolas, Courier New, Lucida Sans Unicode, Meiryo, Meiryo UI, Microsoft Sans Serif, Segoe UI,Segoe UI Light, Segoe UI Semibold, Tahoma, and Times New Roman

Some others have some or all of the vowel-macron characters, but not all. Some fonts have none at all. This document is provided without warranty or guarantee, though if you find any errors I will be happy to correct it.

Win 7 Hawaiian Support

Handy Font Utilities for Indigenous Language Use

I’ll probably create a page for these things I come across, but am still trying to figure out the best way to approach organizing this website.

I’m frequently find myself lamenting that I don’t have a system for easily determining what default fonts on Mac OS support Hawaiian. I know a few off the top of my head – Lucida Grande, Helvetica, Times New Roman, Palatino, Courier, Didot – but not all. This is complicated by the fact that some fonts have most of the vowel kahakō combinations but not the ‘okina. A few have the ‘okina but not the vowel kahakō combinations, which makes choosing a non-standard font a bit of an adventure. I decided to spend some time working on this and found a couple of tools on the Mac and Windows that helped. I’m documenting it here since it may be of use to other indigenous language advocates:

 

Continue reading

Apple Fonts With ‘Okina and Kahakō

I got tired of trying to remember every font that does and does not have the ‘okina and/or kahakō in it, so using the Apple Font Tools I came up with a spreadsheet that shows which fonts have which characters. It’s available for download at scribd.com. As always, there is no guarantee or tech support offered. Please don’t email asking why you don’t have a particular font on your system. Perhaps it’s just bad luck. Hopefully someday Apple will add all of these characters to all of the fonts that ship with OS X. Or OS XI, or…

Apple Fonts With ‘Okina and Kahakō

Leokī Users: FirstClass app for iPhone/iPad/iTouch!

This is pretty cool. We’ve been using FirstClass software for the past 17 or so years to operate Leokī, which was the first telecommunications server to ever operate completely in a Polynesian or native language within the United States. It took them ages to get Unicode support into it, and just recently they released a FirstClass app for iPhone/iPad/iTouch. It seems to work flawlessly, handling the ‘okina and kahakō with no issues. I love it when a plan comes together.

Unfortunately the app is not localized into Hawaiian like we’ve done for Macintosh and Windows users, but, hey, it’s a start! Now back to trying to get  a Hawaiian keyboard into Android OS…

 

How To Give Good ‘Okina

How To Give Good ‘Okina

I’ve been asked this question so many times I decided it was time to write an article about it. The question (and its many variations) boil down to this:

“What is the ‘okina, why do I need to use it in my web pages, what is the right character to use, what fonts should I use, what should I do if the font I want to use doesn’t have that character, and what other issues are involved in using it?”

Read on for the answers to these questions…

The College of Hawaiian Language Urgently Needs Your Support

Aloha kākou. This legislative session the state legislature is considering a bill which will provide funding for the construction of a new building on the UH-Hilo campus to house Ka Haka ‘Ula O Ke‘elikōlani College of Hawaiian Language. Currently staff and faculty of the college are spread out over three locations on the UHH campus, making it difficult sometimes for students to even locate their teachers. And we have only a single classroom dedicated for our exclusive use; every semester we must compete with other programs for adequate classrooms in which to teach our classes. Well all know the importance of a sense of place in the Hawaiian culture. Well, our students, faculty and staff have no “place” to call our own on the UHH campus.

Below I have listed some of the highlights of our College’s achivements:

  1. Among the fastest growing programs at highly cramped UH-Hilo
  2. The College is highly community service oriented
  3. New building to be at the physical and academic focal point of a future expanded UH-Hilo campus
  4. Academically and culturally tied to highly successful bilingual ‘Imiloa Astronomy Education Center
  5. Hawaiian Language College programs draw numerous national and international visitors
  6. Most developed indigenous language revitalization program in the world
  7. Largest Hawaiian language focused major count in the State
  8. The sole Hawaiian Studies Ph.D. program in the UH System
  9. A national model for immersion at the tertiary level with Hawaiian B.A., M.A., Teacher Certification, and Ph.D. in Indigenous Language and Culture Revitalization
  10. Provides other indigenous peoples with opportunities to enroll through its Linguistics B.A., an Indigenous Education M.A., and the Ph.D.
  11. Partners at the graduate level with University of Arizona, University of Alaska, and University of Waikato (New Zealand)
  12. The only fully operational P-20 educational system in Hawai‘i with the P-12 Hawaiian Immersion Nāwahī Laboratory School that includes early college enrollment
  13. In 2009, Nāwahī School was one of only five schools on Hawai‘i Island with the highest rating under Federal No Child Left Behind legislation
  14. The College’s Hale Kuamo‘o Service Center is the main source of curriculum materials and teacher support for over 2,000 students in P-12 Hawaiian Immersion Statewide
  15. The College’s Ulukau Hawaiian Electronic Library (operated in conjunction with Alu Like, Inc.) is a major resource with Hawaiian dictionaries, archives, etc. Over the past five years, Ulukau has received over 40 million hits from users around the world
  16. The College’s Leokī telecommunications system was the first in the world to provide a completely translated interface and ability to communicate completely in any indigenous language in the world.
  17. The College’s Hale Kuamo’o has worked diligently with technology providers such as Apple Computer, Inc., Google, Netscape Communications and Microsoft to enhance the ability of Hawaiian speakers to utilized advanced technologies. The presence of native support for the Hawaiian language in Apple’s Macintosh operating system, the iPhone and iPad are a direct result of the College’s initiatives.

The bill which will fund construction of our college’s already-designed facility has passed the state House of Representatives and is currently in the Senate’s Ways and Means commitee. We would like to ask for your assistance in contacting members of this committee and express your support for funding. You may send emails, fax or call any of these senators, however, your contact is particularly important if you are a resident of the district that the senator represents. Please feel free to share this communication with your family and friends, and ask them to support us as well. Mahalo nui!

Shan S.Tsutsui
4th Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 206
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone 808-586-7344; Fax 808-586-7348
From Maui, toll free 984-2400 + 67344
e-mail [ mailto:sentsutsui@Capitol.hawaii.gov ]sentsutsui@Capitol.hawaii.gov

Jill N.Tokuda
24th Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 218
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
phone 808-587-7215; fax 808-587-7220
E-mail [ mailto:sentokuda@Capitol.hawaii.gov ]sentokuda@Capitol.hawaii.gov

J. Kalani English[
6th Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 205
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
phone 808-587-7225; fax 808-587-7230
From Maui, toll free 984-2400 + 77225
From Molokai and Lanai, toll free 1-800-468-4644 + 77225
E-mail [ mailto:senenglish@Capitol.hawaii.gov ]senenglish@Capitol.hawaii.gov
[ http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/site1/links/linkto.asp?URL=http%3A%2F%2Fkalanienglish%2Ecom&Text=J%2E+Kalani+English ]J. Kalani English Home Page

CarolFukunaga
11th Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 216
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
phone 808-586-6890; fax 808-586-6899
e-mail: [ mailto:senfukunaga@Capitol.hawaii.gov ]senfukunaga@Capitol.hawaii.gov

BrickwoodGaluteria
12th Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 208
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
phone 808-586-6740; fax 808-586-6829
e-mail [ mailto:sengaluteria@capitol.hawaii.gov ]sengaluteria@capitol.hawaii.gov

ClaytonHee
23rd Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 228
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone 808-586-7330; Fax 808-586-7334
e-mail [ mailto:senhee@Capitol.hawaii.gov ]senhee@Capitol.hawaii.gov

Russell S.Kokubun
2nd Senatorial District
Hawaii State Capitol, Room 407
415 South Beretania Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone 808-586-6760 ; Fax 808-586-6689
From the Big Island, toll free 974-4000 + 66760
Email [ mailto:senkokubun@Capitol.hawaii.gov ]senkokubun@Capitol.hawaii.gov

You may visit our college’s website to learn more about our programs: http://www.olelo.hawaii.edu/khuok/

Technology In The Hawaiian Language Revitalization Movement

I was honored to be asked to speak to the Big Island Internet Society’s meeting yesterday, and was asked to put together a list of links to pages and articles that provided more information on these topics. So here are a few:

  • Wired Magazine artice on our early efforts to establish Leokī
  • Kualono – website of Ka Haka ‘Ula College of Hawaiian Language
  • Ulukau– the Hawaiian Digital Library
  • ‘Aha Pūnana Leo’s Niuolahiki online class website
  • Unicode and Hawaiian Language
  • ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i – A Rich Oral History, A Bright Digital Future – Article from Cultural Survival Quarterly
  • Leokī: A Powerful Voice of Hawaiian Language Revitalization– Article
  • Ke A‘o Ho’okeleka‘a‘ike – Hawaiian Language Instruction Via The Internet – Article
  • Hawaiian Language Support in OS X – from MacWorld
  • Hawaiian Language support on iPhone
  • Google Supports Hawaiian – from CNN.com
  • Mahalo to Larry Czerwonka for extending the invitation, and to everyone who attended.